Industrial heritage of Trbovlje, Slovenska Bistrica, Labin and Rijeka through development of cultural tourism- spominek KUOLMi Žajfa

Main goal of the INSPIRACIJA (INSPIRATION) project is to encourage revitalisation of towns rich with industrial heritage in Slovenia and Croatia – Trbovlje, Slovenska Bistrica, Labin and Rijeka – by creating new tourist content to reanimate once active industrial facilities. The four project towns sharing rich industrial history are main locations of the new cross-border tourist route, taking the visitor from the sawmills and mills of Pohorje, via Trbovlje and Labin mines all the way to Rijeka port.

The coal mine has played a vital role in the town of Trbovlje and the entire Zasavje region, as the entire industrial and economic development of Zasavje region was founded on coal mines. Beside its impact on development of coal industry, the mine also influenced the development of other industries in the region. Mine owners built or participated in building of majority of important public buildings in the region, such as residential, cultural, hospital and school buildings, while the mines were producing coal used for heating and generation of electric power for the entire Slovenia.

 

Trbovlje Coal Mine

Before discovery of coal, Zasavje region was predominantly agricultural, as the layer of coal was covered by a thin layer of soil on many areas, hiding the coal from plain sight. In the valley of Trbovlje the »black coal« officially started to be excavated and sold under the guidance of Franz Maurer in 1804. Trbovlje coal excavating company (Trboveljska premogokopna družba – TPD) with its headquarters in Vienna was established in 1872, and was operating in Zasavje until the end of Second World War. After liberation, Zasavje coal mines came into state ownership. In the following period the coal mine was made part of different organisational forms, until 1996, when it started operating as RTH, Coal Mine Trbovlje – Hrastnik, Ltd., whose sole establisher and owner is the Republic of Slovenia.

As of 11 February 2019, the company is in liquidation. In late December 2018, the National Assembly of Republic of Slovenia adopted the Act on gradual closure of RTH, i.e., extension of mine closure by the end of 2020.

In recent years, the mine has been used as location of several tourist and sports events, for example Perkmandeljc walks, Cave-athlons and Cave marathon, part of which is ran in the cave and part of it outdoors.

 

Thermal Power Plant Chimney

The Trbovlje chimney, chimney of Thermal power plant Trbovlje (TPPT), is the highest building in Slovenia, highest chimney in Europe and seventh highest in the world. It was built in order to distribute pollution of Zasavje across a larger area. At 360 meters high, it was being built by 3 meters in height each day non-stop, in cooperation of Slovenian and international experts by specially trained workers. Construction was completed in a total of 20 months and the building was inaugurated on the day of Trbovlje’s municipal celebration on 1 June 1976.

Thermal power plant Trbovlje is the largest power facility in Zasavje. Stretching along the river Sava with production facilities and dedicated technological installations located on the left bank, while warehouses and garages are located on the right bank, as well as a large covered parking lot and facilities for drinking water provision system.

Along with the coal mine, TPPT provided a unique foundation for development of other factories and plants, industrial and handcrafts buildings, for traffic and social activities in Zasavje and Slovenia. Today the thermal power plant and the chimney are no longer operational. Climbing the chimney is also prohibited. As of 2018, Thermal power plant Trbovlje operates as HSE – energy company Trbovlje Ltd. and is in pursuit of new options for the buildings, also in relation to tourist projects.

 

Workers Cultural Home Trbovlje

Cultural centre Workers cultural home Trbovlje is the main cultural institution in the municipality of Trbovlje. Cultural centre provides cultural programme throughout the year, including events presenting amateur local culture as well as modern art production. The most famous event is Festival of new art culture Speculum Artium, which celebrated 10th anniversary in 2018. Throughout the decade the festival established itself as one of the leading festivals of new media art in Slovenia and one of the renowned European festivals.

Virtual museum of mining ‘4. dritl’

Trbovlje Workers cultural home hosts the innovative museum collection entitled ‘4. dritl’, which provides a presentation and reinvigoration of traditions of this historically important mining town. Modern technologies (virtual reality, holograms, 3D-animation, and screenings) are used to present the mining tradition in a fresh and attractive way, appealing to young generations, while presented content also uses new media approaches to describe Trbovlje of today: a modern town with a public vision of future development.

 

Zasavje museum Trbovlje

The museum exhibits content exploring local history, art history, ethnology, geography and cultural history and, to a certain extent, technology. The museum opened its doors in 1951 as inter-municipal museum of modern history.

 Permanent exhibition Good luck … black valleys

The museum houses a permanent exhibition Good luck … black valleys, displayed as a combination of traditional standing exhibition and exhibitions in smaller rooms, which presents the common subject of the history of development of all three major towns of Zasavje in the last 200 years – coal and coal mining as the driving force of development, development of industries, hard lives of our ancestors, war tragedies, sports and culture, etc.

 

Miner’s home in mining colony

Standing outside the main museum building, two original miners’ homes, once located in the old Njiva mining colony, are exhibited for viewing. The two exhibits also represent two crucial periods in the history of Zasavje, 1920s and 1960s. The features of the 1920s are: inbuilt stove, wooden toilet in the hallway and surface electric fittings. Other typical features of the period include kitchen floor tiles and wooden floor boards in the room with walls covered in whitewash, bed linen, tin, aluminium and iron spoons, knives, chairs without back rest (»stoker«), bird cages, decorative fabrics with embroidery on walls (»vandšonarji«), uneven closets (»kostima«), double beds and additional beds (»rajšpetpetl«), furnace, child cradle, sewing machine, pictures of St. Barbara, certain tools, woven travelling trunks »rajzekufer« and other.

://inspiracija.eu/souvenirs/?lang=en